Health Care News & Discussion
The Importance of a Complete Physical Exam
06/04/2003 2:39 PM
An internist was mentioning that his patient declined a physical examination of her body and only wanted tests performed, including a mammogram that came back with a normal report. She had felt a lump for several months which she had not disclosed to her physician. After another three months or so she decided to come back and have her doctor examine her since she felt this large lemon-size mass in her breast just under the skin could be important, even if it was not seen on the mammogram. It turned out to be a ductal carcinoma. Some of her lymph nodes were positive. She had such faith in modern technology that she tried to bypass the standard procedure of a medical evaluation. It may have cost her her life.
A traditional medical evaluation first includes the complete medical history, which requires about 30 minutes on the initial visit and gives about 65 percent of the information necessary to determine the diagnosis. The complete physical examination, which takes about another 15 minutes, confirms this information and may give 10 percent further diagnostic information. The last 15 minutes of the first hour on a new patient is used to begin treatment and to determine what further laboratory, x-rays and other tests are needed. This treatment and further testing improves the diagnosis another 15 to 20 percent. The information becomes available and is discussed on the return visit. Thus, an amazing 90 to 95 percent of a diagnosis is established by one consultative and follow-up visit when following this routine. Of course, follow-up examinations may take only 10 or 15 minutes but always rely on the recorded detail of the initial complete examination.
The lady mentioned above, by avoiding the physical examination of her breast, delayed treatment of her cancer more than six months. It is possible that the cancer spread may have occurred during this six-month period of relying on technology rather than the results of the full examination sequence. As IT use increases and streamlines many of the steps involved, it is even more important that your physician evaluate all the data on a continuing basis. It is the patient’s life that is always at stake.